Research on Azadirachta indica: A scientometric assessment of global publications output during 1997–2016

  • B. M. Gupta Formerly with CSIR‑National Institute of Science, Technology and Development Studies, New Delhi, India
  • K. K. Mueen Ahmed Phcog.Net, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
Keywords: Azadirachta indica, Bibliometrics, Global research output, Medicinal plant, Scientometrics


Aim: The present study aimed to perform scientometric assessment of global publications output of research on Azadirachta indica during 1997–2016. Methodology: The present study examined 4900 global publications on A. indica, as indexed and covered in international Scopus database during 1997–2016 with a view to understanding their growth rate, global publication share, citation impact, international collaborative papers share, distribution of publications by broad subjects, productivity and citation profile of top organizations and authors, preferred media of communication, and bibliographic characteristics of high cited papers. Results: The global publications registered 7.61% annual average growth rate, and its citation impact averaged to 13.91 citations per paper. The global share of top 10 countries ranged from 1.91% to 31.04%, with the largest share (53.49%) from India, followed by Brazil (6.12%), USA (6.02%), etc., About 86.82% and 85.81% of the cumulative global publication and citation share comes from top 10 countries during 1997–2016. The cumulative global share of top 10 countries increased from 85.89% to 86.35% from 1997–2006 to 2007– 2017. Only top three countries registered relative citation index above the world average of 1.0: UK (1.95), USA (1.71), and Germany (1.42) during 1997–2016. Agricultural and biological sciences contributed the largest global publications share of 48.41%, followed by pharmacology, toxicology and pharmaceutics (22.04%), biochemistry, genetics and molecular biology (17.35%), medicine (16.80%), environmental science (13.39%), and other three sub‑fields contribution varying from 4.90% to 8.22% during 1997–2016. Eight hundred and forty‑eight global organizations and 1589 authors participated in global A. indica research, of which the 25 most productive global organizations and authors together contributed 20.65% and 8.92% global publication share and 22.43% and 12.66% global citation share, respectively, during 1997–2016. Among 4387 journal papers (in 959 journals) in global A. indica research, the top 20 most productive journals together contributed 43.63% global share of total journal publication output during 1997–2016. Conclusion: Totally, 78 publications were found to be high cited, as they registered citations from 100 to 1441 during 1997–2016 and they together received 18,498 citations, averaging to 237.15 citations per paper.


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Top 20 most productive journals in Azadirachta indica research during 1997-2016
How to Cite
Gupta BM, Ahmed KKM. Research on Azadirachta indica: A scientometric assessment of global publications output during 1997–2016. ijpi [Internet]. 24May2019 [cited 21Mar.2023];8(4):164-72. Available from: