Dissolution Enhancement of Chlorzoxazone using Cogrinding Technique

  • Mihir K. Raval Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Saurashtra University, Rajkot, Gujarat, India.
  • Jaydeep M. Patel Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Saurashtra University, Rajkot, Gujarat, India.
  • Rajesh K. Parikh Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, L. M. College of Pharmacy, Navrangpura, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.
  • Navin R. Sheth Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Saurashtra University, Rajkot, Gujarat, India.
Keywords: Amorphization, Chlorzoxazone, Cogrinding, Dissolution enhancement, Heckel analysis

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of the present work was to improve rate of dissolution and processing parameters of BCS class II drug, chlorzoxazone using cogrinding technique in the presence of different excipients as a carrier. Materials and Methods: The drug was coground with various carriers like polyethylene glycol (PEG 4000), hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) E50LV, polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)K30, Kaolin and Neusilin US2 using ball mill, where only PEG 4000 improved dissolution rate of drug by bringing amorphization in 1:3 ratio. The coground mixture after 3 and 6 h was evaluated for various analytical, physicochemical and mechanical parameters. Results: The analysis showed conversion of Chlorzoxazone from its crystalline to amorphization form upon grinding with PEG 4000. Coground mixture as well as its directly compressed tablet showed 2.5-fold increment in the dissolution rate compared with pure drug. Directly compressible tablets prepared from pure drug required a large quantity of microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) during compression. The coground mixture and formulation was found stable in nature even after storage (40°C/75% relative humidity). Conclusions: Cogrinding can be successfully utilized to improve the rate of dissolution of poorly water soluble drugs and hence bioavailability.

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Packability and flow parameters
Published
2015-10-20
How to Cite
1.
Raval MK, Patel JM, Parikh RK, Sheth NR. Dissolution Enhancement of Chlorzoxazone using Cogrinding Technique. ijpi [Internet]. 20Oct.2015 [cited 27Jul.2021];5(4):247-58. Available from: https://www.jpionline.org/index.php/ijpi/article/view/226