Prospective Study on Identification of Risk Factors, Assessment of Respiratory Distress in Pediatrics
Introduction: Respiratory tract infection (RTI) is defined as any upper or lower respiratory tract infectious disease. Globally, respiratory infections are the leading cause of infant and child mortality and a substantial burden of morbidity. Proper use of antibiotics is crucial and should be incorporated into the pharmaceutical care plan. Aim: The present study aimed to identify risk factors, and assess respiratory distress in pediatrics by using the ReSVinet scale. Materials and Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted for the age of < 2 years over 6 months with a sample size of 250 in the pediatrics department. Results: The Majority of the patients were from the age group of 0-1 year (81.6%). Female patients are more (56%). Out of 250 cases, most of the patients are from rural (69.2%). Most of the patients are found to be undernourished (72.4%). Cold, cough (78%), and breathing difficulty (19.6%) are more commonly occurring symptoms in patients with pulmonary infections. Respiratory distress (25.6%), and pneumonia (20.8%) are found to be more prominent diseases in pediatrics. Every preterm patient is affected with respiratory distress syndrome (74.8%). In our study uppermiddle and lower-middle socioeconomic classes were affected by RTI. Conclusion: The study concludes that they are multiple aetiological factors in this group, which include Age, Gender, Residence, Gestation, and Nutrition can cause ARI. The ReSVinet Scale was found to have substantial reliability.