Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Community Pharmacists on Medication Safety during Pregnancy: A Cross-sectional Study

  • Goruntla Narayana Department of Pharmacy Practice, Raghavendra Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (RIPER), Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh, INDIA.
  • Payal Pandey Raghavendra Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (RIPER), Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh, INDIA.
  • Alluri Gullakunta Ashok Kumar Raghavendra Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (RIPER), Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh, INDIA.
  • Anil Kumar Raghavendra Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (RIPER), Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh, INDIA.
  • Bhupalam Pradeepkumar Department of Pharmacy Practice, Raghavendra Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (RIPER), Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh, INDIA.
  • Kasturi Vishwanathasetty Veerabhadrappa Department of Pharmacognosy and Phyto-pharmaceuticals, Raghavendra Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (RIPER), Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh, INDIA.
Keywords: Knowledge, Attitude, Practice, Community Pharmacist, Medication Safety, Pregnancy, South India

Abstract

Background: Safe medication use during pregnancy requires a great understanding of the benefits and risks associated upon use of the drug. Community Pharmacists (CPs) are the most accessible health care professionals for the pregnant women to get safety information about drugs. Evaluation of Knowledge, Attitude and Practices (KAP) of community pharmacists on medication safety during pregnancy. Methods: A crosssectional study was conducted among community pharmacists of various community pharmacies located in Anantapur district. A total of 403 CPs were enrolled and subjected for interview by using pre-validated selfadministered KAP questionnaire on medication safety during pregnancy. Descriptive statistics were used to represent the socio-demographic characteristics and KAP levels. Chi-square test was used to associate demographic profile with KAP levels. Results: A total of 403 community Pharmacists (CPs) were enrolled in the study. Majority of the pharmacists are males (345; 85.6%), residing in semi-urban area (184; 45.6%), possess diploma in pharmacy (232; 57.5%) and having more than 10 years’ of experience. Among 403 CPs, only 21 (5.2%) had good knowledge, 380 (94.2%) had positive attitude and 119 (29.5%) have safe practice towards medication safety during pregnancy. Respondent’s age, qualification and experience were significantly associated with good knowledge and safe practices. Conclusion: Community pharmacists are having a positive attitude and some knowledge about safe medication use in pregnant women. Still, there is a wide gap in knowledge levels and practices of CPs towards safe medication use in pregnant women. This gap can be fulfilled by providing focused educational intervention to all CPs.

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Table 5: Adequacy of knowledge, attitude and practice towards medication safety during pregnancy (n=403)
Published
2019-12-12
How to Cite
1.
Narayana G, Pandey P, Kumar AG, Kumar A, Pradeepkumar B, Veerabhadrappa K. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Community Pharmacists on Medication Safety during Pregnancy: A Cross-sectional Study. ijpi [Internet]. 12Dec.2019 [cited 21Feb.2020];9(4):215-9. Available from: http://www.jpionline.org/index.php/ijpi/article/view/391