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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 182-191

Formulation and evaluation of bucco-adhesive tablets of sumatriptan succinate

Department of Pharmaceutics, Annamacharya College of Pharmacy, Rajampet, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
R Indira Prasanna
Department of Pharmaceutics, Annamacharya College of Pharmacy, New Boyanapalli, Rajampet - 516126, Kadapa (Dt), Andhra Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2230-973X.85971

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Background: A novel aspiration in treatment of migraine, to provide greater therapeutic effect, overcome the side effects by complex therapeutic regimen and to improve patient compliance upon administering bucco-adhesive tablet formulations of sumatriptan succinate which have not been tested literally. Materials and Methods: This study was designed to develop a bucco-adhesive tablet containing sumatriptan succinate using blends of different bio-adhesive polymeric combinations such as hydroxy propyl methyl cellulose K4M, sodium carboxy methyl cellulose, and Carbopol 934P with a backing layer of ethyl cellulose by a direct compression technique. Tablets were subjected to physico-chemical parameters, swelling index, surface pH, ex vivo bioadhesive force, in vitro drug release, ex vivo drug permeation, and stability in saliva. Results: Good results were obtained in all the evaluated parameters. The drug release of all formulation follows zero-order kinetics by a diffusion mechanism type. Stability studies in human saliva, ex vivo buccal permeation studies by using sheep and porcine buccal mucosa were carried out for the optimized formulation (S4 CP:HPMC 3:1). Conclusion: The developed buccal drug delivery system containing sumatriptan succinate might be the alternative routes available to bypass the first pass metabolism and might be a milestone in the therapy of migraine and among all formulations S4 shows good controlled release results correlated with ex vivo permeation studies.

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